Colonoscopy is a safe, effective method of examining the full lining of the colon and rectum using a flexible, tubular instrument. Colonoscopies are done to diagnose colon and rectum problems and to perform biopsies and remove colon polyps.
Before this test, you will need to clean out your colon (colon prep). Colon prep takes 1 to 2 days, depending on which type your doctor recommends. A majority of colonoscopies are performed on an outpatient basis with minimal discomfort.
An Evansville Surgical Associate surgeon will perform all aspects of the screening process, including pre-operative colonoscopy, surgery (if necessary) and post-surgical surveillance and care.
When should you have a colonoscopy?
- Recommended for adults 50 or older as part of a colorectal cancer screening program
- If there is a known family history of colon-rectal cancer, colonoscopy screens may need to start much earlier
- Colonoscopies are recommended for patients whose bowel habits have changed or if they experience bleeding
Why are colonoscopies important?
Colon cancer is found 1 in every 20 individuals, making it the second most common cancer in the United States. If colon, breast, ovarian, or uterine cancer runs in your family, your risk is even higher.